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Home: Tiananmen Square
Tiananmen Square occupies an area of 49 hectares (122 acres), big enough to hold half a million people. It was named after the Tiananmen (literally, Gate of Heavenly Peace) which stands on its north side, separating it from the Forbidden City. As the site of several key events in Chinese history, it has iconic significance as a cultural symbol.

Used as a mass gathering place since its inception, the level surface is broken only by the 38-meter high Monument to the People's Heroes completed in 1958, and the Mausoleum of Mao Zedong completed in 1977. The square lies between two ancient, massive gates: the Tian'anmen to the north and the Zhengyangmen, better known as Qianmen, to the south. Along the west side of the Square is the Great Hall of the People. Along the east side is the National Museum of China (currently under renovation). Chang'an Avenue, which is used for parades, lies between the Tian'anmen and the Square. Trees line its eastern and western borders, but the square itself is open, with neither trees nor benches.

The site has played host to a series of rallies by contemporary ruling authorities, including the Allied Army's Victory March in 1900 celebrating their occupation of Beijing, the Grand March of Gen. Zhang Xun on June 1917 in remembrance of his restoration of imperial order, the Institution of the Puppet Regime under Japanese rule, and the Parade of Republican Troops on the recapture of Beijing.
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